Spotted turtle

Scientific name: Clemmys guttata


Domain
Eukaryota
kingdome
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Reptilia
Order
Testudines
Family
Emydidae
Genus
Clemmys
Species
guttata
external image 220px-Spotted_Turtle_-_Clemmys_guttata.jpg


Description


The spotted turtle is 3.1-4.7 inch turtle with a black shell with yellow spots. Although the shell has a finite number of spots the body has numerous spots. Common name: Spotted turtle
Scientific name: Clemmys
external image Spotted+Turtle+Juv+Close.jpg


Habitat


The spotted turtle can be found in places with shallow water like marshy fields and wet pastures. This semi aquatic turtle can be found in brackish waters that are affected by tidal currents. This turtle can live in just about anyplace that has shallow water. Shallow holes that have water and preferably duckweed.

external image Spotted-turtle.jpg



Predators and Prey


The spotted turtle eats plants and animals. Some plants are green algae and wild cranberries. Some animals include worms, slugs, millipedes, spiders,crustaceans, tadpoles,salamanders, several kinds of small fish. Predators of the spotted turtle includes green frogs. That is one of the only predators for the spotted turtle in vermont.




Native or Invasive


The spotted turtle lives in the lake Champlain basin now but I couldn't find if it was native or invasive.





Form vs. Function


The shell of the spotted turtle is an adaptation that protects it against predators. They can pull their entire bodies into their shells for protection.The males have a concave shell to help them reproduce easier. Their spots help them blend in to the duckweed in which they like to live.



Interesting Facts



Their sex is determined by the heat of the eggs while they are developing. Because of this global warming might have an affect on the sex
of the turtles. The males have concave shells and the females don't. The spotted turtle is the only species in the genus Clemmys. There is only one spot in each of the upper shell quadrants. When fighting over a female they fight by biting each other until one is victorious.



Resources




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1. "Animal Place." Animal Place. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2012. <http://www.animalplace.net/reptiles/spotted-turtle-facts-characteristics-habitat-and-more/>.

2. Spotted Turtle." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 15 Nov. 2012. Web. 20 Nov. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spotted_turtle>.
3."Spotted Turtle." Toronto Zoo. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2012. <http://www.torontozoo.com/ExploretheZoo/AnimalDetails.asp?pg=488>.
4."Spotted Turtle." Animal Spot. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2012. <http://www.animalspot.net/spotted-turtle.html>.
pictures
5. en.wikipedia.org
6. naturalnewton.blogspot.com
7.arkive.org