Common Name: Grass Pickerel

Scientific Name: Esox Americanus Vermiculatus


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Domain
Eukaryota
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Actinopterygii
Order
Esociformes
Family
Esocidae
Genus
Esox
Species
E. Americanus





Description





Esox americanus vermiculatus, or the Grass Pickerel, are long, tubed shaped fish with dark spots under their eyes. They also have patterns of spots on their sides. Their fins have no spots or markings which is how you tell them apart from other kinds of pikes.



Habitat




Grass Pickerel are usually found in small, slow, clear streams with lots of aquatic vegetation.Sometimes they live in wetlands or lakes too.


Predators and Prey




Grass Pickerels usually feed on smaller fish in slower pools and lakes. larger fish like Striped Bass and Bowfin prey on the Grass Pickerel when they go into larger rivers.


Native or Invasive




I know that the Grass Pickerel lives in the Lake Champlain area now, but I could not find if it is an invasive species or not.


Form vs. Function




The Grass Pickerel is long, skinny, and pointy. I think that this helps it glide through the water so it swims faster. It also has sharp teeth for eating other fish.

Interesting Facts




  • The Grass Pickerel need the water to be at least 39 degrees fahrenheit to spawn.

  • The Grass Pickerel is very similar to its cousin the Redfin Pickerel (Esox americanus americanus) but has different colored fins.
  • The Grass Pickerel hunts other fish using camouflage and darts out when it sees prey.

Resources