Common name:Purple Finch
Scientific name: Carpodacus purpureus

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Purple Finches are large and chunky, they have a weight of 18-31 grams. The Purple Finch is also a medium sized Finch, measuring in at 12-15 cm (5-6 in), with a wingspan of 22-26 cm (9-10 in). The Purple Finch has a beak that is stronger than every sparrows. Their tail is short and notched at the tip. The male Purple Finch is usually a red, raspberry kind of color on everywhere but a purple kind of color on the wings. The Female Purple Finch has no red, they have noticeable facial marks including whitish eye stripe and a dark line down the side of the throat.


You can find Purple Finches in coniferous forest or a mix between coniferous and deciduous forests. Also in the winter you can find them in shrublands, old fields, forest edges, and backyards.

Predators and Prey

The only living thing the Purple Finch is a predator to is insects.The Purple Finch’s predators are the Blue Jay, Barn Owl, Merlin, Sharp-shinned Hawk, American Kestrel, domestic cat and domestic dog. The young and eggs of the Purple Finch are eaten by the Blue Jay, Common Grackle, and red squirrel.

Native or Invasive

It cannot be determined whether the Purple Finch is Native or Invasive to the Lake Champlain Basin.

Form vs. Function

The Purple Finch has wings that allow it to fly, with the ability of flight it can snatch things up from anywhere it wants. Also it has a beak so it can tear things apart or break seeds. The feet and legs have adapted so they can easily stand on branches.

Interesting Facts

1.The Purple Finch is the New Hampshire state bird.
2.The Purple Finch used to live in southern New England every summer. Now, it visits the state only during the winter.
3. Purple Finch’s visit Northern Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Texas every two years. Scientists say this is a result of food shortage.


  1. description of the Purple Finch found 11/15/12 from

2. Habitat found 11/17/12 from

3. the predators and prey of the Purple Finch found 11/17/12 on

4. interesting facts found 11/17/12 on

5. pictures Purple Finch found 11/20/12 on and on