Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Lynx
Species: rufus

Bobcat coming out of its den
Bobcat coming out of its den

Baby Bobcat
Baby Bobcat

Description (physical description of your organism: size, weight, color, special markings etc...)

The bobcat is also known as Felis rufus or Lynx rufus

Bobcats are sometimes called wildcats. They are about twice the size of an average house cat. They have long legs and large paws, and tufted ears similar to those of their larger relatives, the Canadian lynx. The majority of bobcats are brownish red or grayish brown with a white underbelly and a short black tipped tail. The bobcat was named for its tail which appears to be cut or "bobbed." Males weigh from 16 to 30 lbs and females average 20 lbs. Their lithe, flexible body have legs designed for climbing, pouncing and rapid acceleration. They have forward-facing yellow eyes with black elongated pupils. Their average body length including the tale is 36". And the average height of adult bobcat is 14-15" from ground to shoulder.

Bobcats can live to be 13-15 years old in the wild.

Habitat (where your organism can be found in or around the lake)

Bobcats will usually change their shelter on a daily basis. When they are not active they will rest in hollow logs, a rocky den, a cave, a low tree branch, a boulder or some other covered shelter. When the female has kittens to care for she will have several dens and will move the kittens around between them.

Bobcats can be found in many environments, from deserts, mountains, even swamps. They are one of the most adaptable mammals in North America.

Bobcats prefer large forested or wooded areas. Forest lands with immature trees, thick underbrush, occasional clearings, cliffs and timbered swamps are generally best. Common den sites include fallen trees, hollow logs or trees, thickets, caves and rock piles. Some bobcats make their dens in abandoned or little-used barns and buildings. Viewed by many as a "wilderness species," the bobcat's shy, secretive habits allow it to live surprisingly close to people.

Bobcats are also found throughout Southern Canada, the northern half of Mexico.

external image Bobcat4_1.jpg

Predators and Prey (what your organism eats and what eats it)

Bobcats are carnivores and thus prefer an all meat diet.

Being fierce hunters, bobcats can kill prey much bigger than themselves, but usually eat rabbits, birds, mice, squirrels, lizards, rodents, snakes, carrion, and other smaller game. The bobcat hunts by stealth, but delivers a deathblow with a leaping pounce that can cover 10 feet (3 meters).

The Florida bobcat, for instance, may prey - often pouncing from a height - on several dozen species within its range, including wildlife such as rabbits, squirrels, rats, mice, possums, raccoon's, quail, jays, robins, wrens, sparrows and, occasionally, even deer.

Predators of the bobcat include mountain lions, coyotes, foxes, owls, wolves, and humans.

Bobcat kittens are killed by foxes, owls, and adult male bobcats. Adults may be injured or killed by their prey animals. The most common cause of death for kittens and juveniles is low food supply. It is not uncommon for an adult to die of starvation, especially during severe winters.

Bobcat hunting
Bobcat hunting

Native or Invasive (if invasive (non-native), when and how did it get into or around the lake)

Bobcats are native across the United States, being absent only from mid western states due to intensive agriculture and the resulting destruction of suitable habitat cover and prey species.

Form vs. Function (how does your organism’s form (body structure) help it to function (survive)

Their lithe, flexible body have legs designed for climbing, pouncing and rapid acceleration

Interesting Facts (such as: special adaptations and/or behaviors that help your organism to survive)

Approximately 725,000 to 1,020,000 bobcats remain in the wild.

Bobcats are solitary animals. Females choose a secluded den to raise a litter of one to six young kittens, which will remain with their mother for 9 to 12 months. During this time they will learn to hunt before setting out on their own.

The most common wildcat in North America

The calls of a bobcat can sound strikingly similar to that of a domestic cat, although piercing screams and a coughing bark are uniquely its own.

Resources (provide proper documentation of all resources used, including links)
Remember, you may not just copy information from websites, you must put all information into your own words!

  1. "Bobcat." Felis Rufus. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012.

    "Bobcat." National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012.

    "Google Images." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012.

    Basic Facts About Bobcats." Bobcat. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2012.
    "Bob Cat Fact Sheet." Bob Cat Fact Sheet. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2012.

    "Bobcat." Bobcat. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2012.

    Description:, Program. National Parks Service. National Parks Service, 18 Nov. 2012. Web. 13 Dec. 2012.

    "Pictures of Cats." Pictures of Cats. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2012.

    "What Is a Bobcat's Natural Habitat?" WikiAnswers. Answers, n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2012.

    "PAWS-photo/Rose Heritage Gifts - FL-BC-0001 Baby Bobcat." PAWS-photo/Rose Heritage Gifts - FL-BC-0001 Baby Bobcat. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2012.

    "Bobcats Widespread in United States." Grit. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2012.
    "Bobcat." Bobcat. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2012.